Headphones – What Things You Need to Know

In case you want to concentrate on the wok and remove the external noise for your purpose of music, why don’t you look for the best wireless headphones under 100 for yourself?

best headphones under 100

It can say that a pair of headphones is a perfect choice in order that you can listen to music, relax in a peaceful space, or even travel on holiday. Beyond that, the headphones are used for studying; by the way, you can use them so as to hear the audio lessons. Even, when you do not have your free time to read a book, you are also able to listen to the audio books.

Furthermore, many people also utilize headphones for recording purpose, editing videos and incorporating sound. When combining with a telephone and microphone, the headphones are considered as the headset to communicate.

Headphones – What Things You Need to Know

Nowadays, there are countless models of headphones on the market. To choose the suitable set of headphones for your needs, you need to know about parts and structures of them:

  • Driver: there is the part of producing the sound of the headphones.
  • Earpiece: it helps to hold the drive up to your ear canal and can entirely cover your ears. Generally, it is small to fit ears yours. A few of the types of earpiece are available to meet the customer’s needs.
  • Attachment system: through the kind of headphones, this part ensures that earpiece will entirely be out in ear canal yours.
  • The last one: there are the jacks and the wires. Both have tasked to attach the earpiece to the music appliances.

In particular, you can connect the headphones to devices which are MP3, iPod, iPad, mobile phones, Walkman, or computer.

You can see:

The Recorder- A Wonderful Wind Instrument

The headphones are two main types:

  1. Sound-proof

There is the type of headphones, which is utilized for minimizing the external noise. As a whole, people often use them in noise environment in order to remove the sound around; even, when you are not listening to music.

Sound-proof headphones

Sound-proof headphones are a variety of types such as earpiece surrounds, or headbands. Most of the design is pretty fitting your ears. With the sealed design, it suits for an active person. You will not be difficult to select a reliable brand with high-quality sound.

  1. Open-type

open headphones

The design of this type of headphones helps to cancel the outside noise. It offers a perfect sound quality in comparison with sound-proof headphones. Due to the open design, it is a great device in order to listen to music. When mentioning to this kind of headphones, there are countless types so that you can select. In here, there are a couple of examples:

  • Clip-on

In spite of not having headbands, you can easily put into your ears due to the attachment system of this type, which involves two earbuds.

  • Wireless

Many people enjoy this type of headphones because it is free and convenient due to wireless. Therefore, you are going to move around during the process of listening to music.

  • In-ear-monitor

There are compact headphones that entirely fit your ears. With the sophisticated design, in-ear-monitor headphones are pretty expensive, frequently; people use this type of headphones for the supervisory and professional purpose.

  • Earbuds

There is the type of earphones with two tiny earpieces, so it almost fits your ears.

  • Headsets

In communication, they combine the functions of a headphone and a microphone.

  • Noise-cancelling

Due to the suspension system in the attachment system, this type of headphones has the ability to prevent the external noise; even, when you are not listening to music.

  • Street style

The majority of this type is utilized for listening MP3 files. They entirely fit at the back of the head because of a headband.

  • Earpad

There are soft pads and serve as well as earpieces.

More reading:



So far, there are plenty of available styles and kinds of headphones on the market. To select headphone to meet your needs, you need to have to determine what things are essential and important to you. Based on designs, brands, or reviews from customers, you are able to choose the right one. Everything is never as easy as now. It wishes you good luck!

The Buying Guide of Running Headphones

Are you looking for the best wireless earbuds? Do you want to create the certain style? Let’s try learning the running headphones! This type of headphones has plenty of prices and style so that you can choose. Through the internet, you will be able to be difficult to select one as well as your demand. Exactly, you find the right address. This article will support you necessary information in order to understand the running headphones clearly.


The Buying Guide of Running Headphones

#1. The styles spend for you

When mentioning to the headphones, there are four main kinds which are over ears (circumaural headphones), on top of the ears (supra-aural), ear-buds, and in-ear canals we should make a care of. To select right way, you need to shape your style of headphones.

  • Over ears (circumaural headphones) cover entirely your ears are pretty heavy and big so as to utilize during running. This type of headphones will be excluded from the outset.
  • Ear-buds only suit for your music player. If you use for running, they will easily fall out. As a whole, the sound quality of these headphones is not good. A suggestion for you is in-ear earphones which are designed for sports. The difference from ear-buds, these headphones can put over the ear or behind the neck. Of course, the quality and the durability are also different.
  • On the other hand, a large number of music lovers usually choose in-ear canals. This pair of headphones fits your ears helps minimize the external sound.
  • The last one is on top of the ears (supra-aural). For many years, this product is improved significantly. With the soft pads over your ears, they create comfortable when listening to music. They easily slip while running or even the pads can be soaked with sweat, but several models are still perfect for running.

#2. The sound quality

In spite of the same style, the sound quality will be able to be different from the headphones. A few people simply enjoy listening to music, so they rarely concern for the sound quality. On the contrary, when some music lovers like to use a value pair, they will be difficult to accept the low-sound quality. Similarly, to look for running headphones, you only focus on your running more than the sound that you’d like to hear. Nonetheless, a number of headphones not only are great for running but also can bring the comfort when listening at home. In the best way, you ought to consider the bass response of the headphones. It can help you to avoid boring noise.

#3. The durability

There is the biggest concern if you are finding the running headphones. How will they become when contacting sweat and rubbing the clothes? Do they easily fall out when running? Beyond that, you should also consider the reviews of other users in order to avoid the wrong decision. It will waste if you purchase the headphones which quickly break down only after several months of the use.

#4. A number of additional features

With the modern technology, the headphones have come with a microphone or a remote control unit for MP3, smartphone, iPod or other appliances. You can easily adjust the volume or the track with the remote control. With a microphone, you can hear and call whenever that needn’t to remove your device. What a beneficial it is!

In comparison with the sound quality, a great number of people appreciate the comfort. Others accept a little uncomfortable in order to have a great sound. You should also know that nothing is perfect, the headphones, too. Consequently, you will not be able to find the great headphones in all functions. Nevertheless, based on these factors, you can still look for the suitable headphones for yourself.


In brief, if you use the running headphones, you must be careful when running near traffic. Although the headphones can reduce the outside sound, you should also open your earphones a little bit; especially, when you want to cross the road.

Today, you will not be too difficult to find the headphones which not only are the best wireless earbuds but also can satisfy your needs. The most important object is the preference. Then, your budget will decide the suitable headphones.  Good luck!!

The Safety and The Benefit in The Use of Microwaves

It can say that the microwave is one of the most common cooking tools in the kitchen. A large number of people use the microwave in order to reheat or even cook the food; instead of using the best electric rice cooker. Nevertheless, some people wondered how the microwave effectively worked. Furthermore, cooking the food in the microwave oven is good or bad.


We know that the microwave utilizes the radiant heat so as to cook the food, so a great number of people are worried about the safety of it. To recognize and answer these questions, you can consult the below information.

The Safety and The Benefit in The Use of Microwaves

The microwave exactly cooks the food, does it?

It is like radio and sound waves. The microwave oven is considered as a part of an electromagnetic spectrum. It is utilized not only for cooking the food but also in broadcasting radar, TV and even a mobile phone. Due to non-ionizing radiation, microwaves are able to change the energy.

Each material will react to the microwave by the variety of ways. The glass is the transparent reaction. The metal is reflected reaction. The plastic is depending on the kind of it. The food has contained the water which will absorb the energy source of microwaves. Then, this energy will converse into the heat. So, in what way can a microwave heat or cook the food? Importantly, it does not have to be the food or the microwave that is the food container. It must be safe and harmless.

Heating your food in the microwave is safe, isn’t it?

microwave cooking

When it mentions to the safety of using the microwave, you ought to pay attention to several things:

  1. The heat effect: with the microwave, you can heat the food by many ways. Nevertheless, microwaves have the unique work, so you need to have the certain understanding. Each food is heated at different rates. For example, you want to reheat hotdogs, but they can explode if the heat is uneven. Microwaves are able to boil the water quickly; due to the transpiration mechanism. The water can suddenly boil if you add anything into the water as instant coffee or tea, for instance. According to reports of Food and Drug Administration, a lot of people are injured by these same cases.
  2. The food safety: if you use the microwave in order to cook thicker foods, they will not evenly ripe. For instance, to ripe a large piece of beef, you used the microwave. By transferring heat from the outside into the inside of the food, the microwave will be difficult to get the high temperature to ripe the inner parts. Like that, the bacteria can still remain. This one leads to illness.
  3. Using the microwave by the safe way: there are many argues about the heat effect and the safety of the microwave. The important thing needs to pay attention when using the microwave that is the radiant heat. It can change the chemical substances in your food. Even though it does not have specific data which proves that the microwave has changed the substance in foods by the bad way, it did not exclude the possibility.

On the other hand, the radiant heat can escape and cause the damage to tissues of users. Although microwaves are strictly regulated without radiation so as to make the damage to tissues, several sensitive parts can still be damaged as eyes if you contact the microwave at close range. It recommends that you should not put your nose to see your food when it is placed in the microwave.

  1. Chemical reaction: you also know that the government is not stipulated a safe microwave. The safety is based on your use. Let’s remember that you do not absolutely put plastic containers in the microwave because it can release an amount of Bisphenol A which damage nerve and development.

You should stop using the microwave, shouldn’t you?

microwave oven

As these above mentions, it does not have a specific answer for the question: Is the microwave safe? It can say that this one depends on your demand and choice. For example, chili is not good for patients who have a stomachache, but it is still good for diabetics; even, if you use a moderate amount, it also helps weight-loss and improve digestion. Therefore, you only need to utilize the microwave right way. The benefit of the microwave can be bigger than the risk.

In summary, even though there is the best rice cooker, it also has advantages and disadvantages. The most important object is based on everyone’s use. With this above information, we hope that you will have useful knowledge in order to utilize your microwave oven effectively.

Golden Rules to Become an Expert Audiophile


When becoming an audiophile (a person who is addicted to sound and sound devices), beside of the best studio headphones, you have to consider very much about other support devices such as Amplifiers, DAC, bitrate… Therefore, this article would have a good influence to the ones who are new to the world of Audiophiles.

Rule no.1: Be patient: Headphones prove their value through time


Speakers and headphones share a common same effect: after using for a long time, the speaker’s special urethane and some electric links would change a lot and provide warmer and more detailed sounds. This effect is called “burn in” (or “break in”). That means you’ve unlocked some good points of the product, and it just appears after hundreds of hours utilizing.

Therefore, if you notice that your new set has worse quality than the sample one, don’t think immediately that it’s a fault product. Just spend more than 100 hours playing music with this new headphone, you will see a big difference between the sounds before and after “burn in”. The sounds have developed very much with the help of “burn in” effect. Moreover, some headphone models are well – known with a very long burn in process. The champions in this field are AKG: K701, K702 and Q701. However, you won’t regret any dollars spending to those headphones as well as the time you take to burn them in because the sound provided by them after the effect are tremendous and unbelievable. That’s why they have very long “burn in” time but still top sellers in headphones for audiophiles.

Rule no.2: Invest money on Amplifier and DAC

Use your money to buy an Amplifier some good DAC is one of the most important rules of audiophiles, and usually you can’t underestimate the rules of these devices to the sound quality.

Some headphone models, especially the ones used in studios, could have the resistance up to hundreds of Ohm. By increasing the value of the resistance, the headphone could recreate more creative and live sounds with many details. Using these headphones with iPhone, iPod and other standard sound ports just makes those sounds to be smaller and worse than their potential.

As the matter of fact, investing in an amplifier is vital, especially with high resistance headphones such as Beyerdynamic DT880 (250 ohm/600 ohm version) or Sennheiser HD600/HD650 (600 ohm). Low resistance headphones such as Grado samples, Sennheiser HD 449, 558 or other Audio Technica versions don’t need the amplifier too much, however this device still boost up the sound quality, creating larger and more powerful soundstage and reduce the pressure to the signal emitting devices.

While listening to the speakers on PC, choose DAC (changing digital signals into analog signals for headphones and speakers and the most often is the USB sound card) with the best quality. The sound card integrated in the PC would still help boosting the sound volume, but provides noisy and dark sounds. Those sounds don’t have much information or details. Good DACs and amplifiers don’t just help bursting out the advantages of headphones but also bring new and exciting experiences about sounds which are different from each other though they are provided from the same headphone.

DACs and Amplifiers play very important parts in burn – in process, high – end DACs and amplifiers have higher frequency bands that give a golden chance to better sound on headphones.

A personal advice in choosing amplifiers and DACs is that you should put handmade and DIY products on the first priority (DIY means do – it – yourself). Ibasso and JDSLab are two names that have quite large effect on DIY DAC world. These products bring better functions in comparison with other commercial products in terms of their prices. On the other hand, you can easily look for some amplifiers and DACs which are mass produced with the brand Filo or Creative… Those goods have fair productivity, just enough for your headphones in medium and low – budget product lines.

Finally, using DAC and amplifiers is the best way to invest for the future, in case you want to upgrade your collection by purchasing more modern headphones. Think about it carefully before purchasing something related to your hobby.

New Living Room Trends In 2016

The living room is where you need to decoration to be perfectly done. Therefore, there’re many kinds of furniture you should take a look at and choose carefully to fit in your room. The furniture for living room mostly depends on the size and shape of the room. Nevertheless, the style that you need your living room to be is very important because it would decide the shape and the color of living room decorative items. You can buy them online such as the best ceiling fans on our website, or some stuff from the markets that could be used for the vintage style living room decoration.

best ceiling fan

Yet there is a wide range of living room furniture for you to choose, but the main point is that you must know what the focus points of your room are. In the year 2016, living room décor has developed quickly. There are many decorating items that you might not know about in this article, and I hope that this post would help you to follow the trends effectively and modify your living room as you wish.

  1. The living room carpets

The living room carpet sometimes decides the overall theme of the floor. There are many types of carpet for you to choose in terms of patterns and color tones. In 2016, simply living room decoration is on an upward trend, so that the carpet should be plain with light color.

Living room

You should choose the carpet based on other furniture inside the living room. If your living room is following the modern and simple style, a white or light blue carpet would be perfect for decoration and adding spotlight into the floor. In contrast, in vintage living room, the carpet would have some kind of unique patterns and dark color to combine with the light’s color tone so that there will be a harmonic atmosphere in the entire room.

However, there are some notices in using carpet in living room. You should ask for advices from people who excel in home improvement, maybe your friends or relatives to handle the living room arrangement.

  1. Curtains

Some people know that window curtains and other living room souvenirs can’t be the focal points. But it’s not true at all. In fact, this furniture can help the living room cover some weaknesses and flaws.

The depth and width of the living room often decides the curtain’s color and pattern. With small living room, the windows should be designed with the height from the ceiling to the bottom near the floor, so you also have to design the length of the curtains so that it can cover the whole windows.

In fact, if you have time and effort to find a unique set of window curtains, it would be an amazing focal point for the whole living room. Vintage living room decoration has some main attractive points all over the room, and one of them is the window decoration. The surface of window curtains is one of the most ideal materials to apply the creative ideas for the artists.

  1. Ceiling fans

Yet the surrounding space in the living room is important, but the ceiling needs some cares as well. At least you should spend some time and look for a ceiling fan that suits the decoration.

Firstly, you should notice the height of your living room, so that you can adjust the ratio between ceiling blades and the ceiling size. Next, the color and material of the ceiling fan blades is the thing you should consider. The blades can be made by wood or metal, but you have to make sure that the process of the motor is fine with all kinds of blade. Finally, the fan must fit into the living room atmosphere so that it won’t be some kind of weakness or imperfection of the room.

So you can see that the trend in living room décor in 2016 is changing. However, you should know which furniture can be utilized inside your home. In fact, the living room is just a part of your house, so if you have any questions or problems about home improvement, don’t hesitate to ask us to solve the problems.

How Air Fryer reduce Fat

How to avoid fat eating by Air fryer?

Fry Without the Fat! How to Use an Air Fryer

Everyone loves fried foods, but they’re just so bad for you. That’s the reason why you should have an air fryers for your kitchen. These days, there is several the best air fryers brands Everyone loves fried foods, but they’re just so bad for you. That’s the reason why an air fryer are important. Using it is completely easy, but you also do not ignore these safety tips important before using it. These days, there is several good companies introduced about the market place in which permit consumers so that you can fry food items swiftly along with assembled dishes which can be delightful without related health conditions connected with weighty excess fat frying. Undoubtedly if you are certainly not weighty frying food items, meaning that someone is not going to turn out to be inserting oneself inside the same risks. Regularly low-fat fryer’s merely desire a tiny spoonful connected with oil so that you can get ready the foodstuffs entirely; a couple of fryers actually utilize cozy air as a result zero oil is necessary in any respect.

How to avoid fat eating?

Making use of having less oil, food items that might typically turn out to be from your choices are now able to turn out to be adored by means of quite a few while not having to worry about clogging way up your own personal arterial bloodstream and even sporting weight. The causes get the following:

  • Most with the low-fat fryers, along with air Fryer’s available typically, add a built-in air filtering. Meaning that if you are food preparation the specific scent connected with frying is not going to damage the newest scent with the kitchen location and even your property.
  • If we comprehend, once you fry dishes the particular scent can help your property become scent not comfortable as a result in which is a wonderful further edge.
  • Simply due to the fact a lot of the low-fat fryers today are generally self-contained, the specific safety risks linked to employing computer chip pots and pans and even frying pots and pans is in fact substantially lowered.
  • Numerous shoots in which commence at home typically commence inside kitchen location when dishes are already outstanding unwatched.
  • Most with the low-fat fryers, in addition, add an automobile apart swap when the foodstuff will be accomplished food preparation it is going to modify on its own apart.
  • These further safety capabilities prevent shoots along with oneself along with household by means of turning into burnt off by means of cozy excess fat. This kind of capabilities are generally exceptional for those in addition to homes.
  • Because low-fat fryer’s along with cozy air Fryer’s will need bare minimum excess fat, in case almost any in any respect, this implies you will end up getting a lesser amount of oil pertaining to use.
  • A several fryers We have knowledgeable any glance at in addition contain personal storage compartments to assist you get ready many food items concurrently with no impacting on the specific flavor which means your casino chips flavor for instance casino chips so you ground beef for instance that was created to.

Ultimately, in case you are an exceptionally frantic personal this can be in addition an enjoyable experience conserving operates. Lowered excess fat frying, as you can view presents rewards specifically if you use between the modern fryers. Air Frying food preparation will be good regarding health and clear of condition.

The Recorder- A Wonderful Wind Instrument

There are a kind of instrument named recorder which is made from plastic or more popular material is wood. The instrument comes differently in a number of sizes. As any other wind instruments, ends of the recorder are the place the air is gone through. Entering and coming out are the way the air makes many wonderful songs. The air vibrates and causes great sounds. The profession of artists who play a recorder is performed by the way they press their finger pads to cover the holes properly in accurate time.

The Reason Why We Should Learn To Play the Recorder

Nowadays, playing a instrument becomes a favorite hobby of many people in their spare time. In addition, if we wonder which one we should select to learn, the genius idea is playing the record. Why is that? Because of these following reasons.


#1. Easy to Play

The simplicity of playing the recorder is much more suitable for all classes from the young or the old, even children. This kind of wind instrument is also taught in school as a music program of optional subjects. In particular, the soprano recorder and the descant are the recorders chose to learn widely.

To play the recorder, people have to follow two major techniques.

  • The first one is covering some holes by the players’ month incompletely and blowing the air gently. Moreover, there has a technique called articulation to indicate how wonderful talent a player has.
  • The other technique is using our finger pads place on some holes and press them as a rule you want to make a great song. The purpose of that is keeping no air coming out. It is a little bit difficult for children due to their small fingers. However, there are no tasks when they keep practicing and learning continuously.

#2. Reasonable Price

Today, the descent is more and more popular in the world. People learn how to play it leading to the popularity of this wind instrument. We can easily find out a best recorder in the market. Furthermore, many manufacturers recommend a reasonable price to attract their customers. Therefore, there are a large number of websites provide this instrument. It is extremely easy to make a purchase for this on the internet, it save us much time and money.

#3. Convenient For Movement

At the present, there are various sizes of the descant recorder to choose. We can take a recorder is our travelling bag even how small they are. If you like climbing, it would be greater when you can enjoy the scene play a favorite song directly or via a best record player after climbing to the top of a mountain. Have you ever imagined that?

best record player

#4. Fast Way to Master Musical Terminology

As any other kind of instrument, we need to learn about musical terminology. The name of notes, the meaning of these notes lengths and the way exactly interpret music are the first things when people who decide to learn how to play any instrument. It would be faster if we choose the recorder and a best record player to start with due to the technique to produce sounds of the recorder.

#5. Good Foundation to Learn the Other Instrument

The recorder playing method has many benefits on learning the other instruments. At first, after mastering musical terminology, we just concentrate on the method to play our next instrument. Secondly, playing the recorder will help you start the other one with high emotion, it might keep you correct on your way to success. There has a great idea that using a best record player to record the sounds played by your own to revise all mistakes and keep learning to professional.

#6. Abundant species

Today, there are many kinds of recorder in the market, just 6 inches up to 2 meters. You can choose a suitable one to buy right now and enjoy it on your own way. Depending your purpose, you can select a high quality or cheaper one just using for relaxing. However, the size is also an important part needing to consider carefully, a small recorder is easy to take along but the large and difficult to handle one has its advantages as well.

#7. Reminiscent old music

A song illustrates the time it was compiled and the instrument is the same. Like the recorder, it undergoes the medieval time during 900 years begins in 500, the period of Baroque between 1600 and 1760. They became popular in the 1700s, 1800s with the talent of composers like Handel and Bach. There are many event held to recall the medieval music and to learn how beautiful the music is. A recorder to play and a best record player to listen them again are the best choice we need to do right now to make an interesting life.

Pressure Cooking Rising From the Fall

pressure cookers

After the World War II had concluded, there was a steep demand for pressure cookers. The reason being, aluminum, the then used material in the production of pressure cooker, had been used for warfare. Another reason for such a high demand of pressure cookers was, people were starting families and house-wives wanted these quick-cooking magicians to replicate their moms’ recipes.

As a result, more and more pressure cooker manufacturers began to show up. Soon there were as many as 85 companies in the market producing and supplying pressure cookers all across the United States. That was the point when pressure cooking had begun to fall.

Why Did Pressure Cooking Fall After the World War II?

Pressure Cooking Fall

You might wonder that this statement isn’t right. The demand was steep and there were many companies producing pressure cookers on large-scale. People were buying these items as well. All these factors indicate that the pressure cooking had risen, instead of falling.

  • Low Quality

In order to meet increasing demand, the manufacturers were focussed on bulk production and supplied the models in record time. At that point, no one would have imagined it would have created a series of worst accidents ever to have occurred in home kitchens.

Manufactures tried to compete for revenues and had overlooked the quality factor, a critical factor in pressure cooker manufacturing. These pressure cookers had serious defects, material quality was compromised. Moreover, in order to save the money, people bought defective pressure cookers from the market.

  • Kitchen Bombs

According to expert chefs and manufacturers, post war pressure cookers had many defects, such as:

  • They had shoddy construction. The base of the cooker should be thicker than normal cookware, and this was the major design flaw in post war cookers.
  • These pressure cookers had developed cracks after they were used a couple of times. It indicated that they were not tested for durability. Some of them were already vulnerable to heat and had exploded at 250 degrees.
  • They lacked proper pressure and steam regulating features. In some pressure cookers, pressure regulation was impossible.

With pressure cookers, the main thing is to control pressure and steam. A slight flaw in design could lead to major accident, steam burns, injuries, even death. Since the internal pressure is 10 – 15% higher than normal, improperly placed lid or ineffective pressure release could cause the whole thing to explode.

  • The Result

There were news from every corner of the country, about kitchen explosions leading to serious injuries. A large number of people were admitted to the hospitals. The term ‘pressure cooker’ took an entire new meaning. Soon, this term was used to describe large-scale accidents, political downfalls and riots in the country.

Modern Pressure Cookers are Not The Same

Thanks to geniune manufacturers who maintained their methods and improved their techniques to come up with safer and samrter cookers. Over the years, they have introduced several different models of stovetop and electric pressure cookers that ensure energy-saving, efficiency and stress-free cooking.

You can literally get confuse identifying the best electric pressure cooker for your kitchen. Here are some rules to make a safe purchase:


Choose wisely between aluminum and stainless steel. Aluminum is lightwieght, cheaper and better condutor comapred to stainless steel, but it cannot withstand high heat or heavy cooking. Stainless steel however, is expensive, but it’s long lasting and durable. New stainless steel models consist of aluminum layered base for heat conduction.

Size Variation

Electric pressure cookers for home kitchens are available in different sizes and their prices increase with the increase in size. 4-quart, 6-quart and 8-quart pressure cookers are very common for home cooking, while 16-quart, 18-quart and 20-quart models can also be used for pressure canning.


Take your time and see the all the safety features offered by the best electric pressure cooker. These may include:

  1. Pressure Regulator: Pressure regulator must have 15 psi operating pressure. You can choose from any of the following:
    • Weighted valve
    • Modified weighted valve, or
    • Spring valve
  1. Cover Interlock: Cover locking helps maintain the internal pressure. It doesn’t unlock during pressure buildup, until it is reduced to safer limits.
  2. Pressure Release: There are two ways of releasing pressure; quick-cool method or natural cooling. The manufacturer’s manual must provide details about each method.
  3. Base: Base of the pressure cooker must be thick. Best electric pressure cooker has trimetal aluminum-clad base.
  4. Warranty: Good models offer after sales service and warranties. Popular brands often provide 10-year warranty for parts.
  5. Instructions and Recipes: Instruction manual is a critical item that must accompany the pressure cooker. The recipe book is also important, because some electric pressure cookers are programmed for common recipes, and you have to follow their instructions with respect to ingredients, spices and water level.

New Hotel Technology

New Hotel Technology

At the 185-suite grand luxe Riverparc in Miami (opened, as was the Sheraton Grande, last September), guests get three keys: one to the elevator leading to their floor, one to the suite itself, and one to the suite’s combined bar and refrigerator. Touch-sensitive keyboards are connected to the suites’ televisions; they are in turn connected to a satellite-transmitted national computer network offering a variety of services including a “travel club” (listing travel and tour bargains for members); restaurant listings (displayed by name, city, cuisine and proximity to the hotel); in-room shopping through an electronic “catalogue”; airline listings through the electronic version of the Official Airline Guide; electronic mail (allowing, for example, the home office to send its salesmen messages even if it does not know exactly what hotel they are staying in, or salesmen to send in daily sales reports)f video games and special entertainment programming; news and stock reports; and even job listings.

These three examples are typical of the explosion of hotel technology that has taken place since the beginning of the ‘eighties. A recently published survey conducted by Chervenak, Keane & Company on behalf of the american Hotel & Motel Association (AH&MA) found, for example, that, of 2,800 U.S. hotels responding, the number of hotels equipped with smoke/fire detectors has increased four-fold since 1980 (about 70 percent of the hotels have them installed or on order); that more than 800 have installed satellite earth stations (compared to one as of late 1979); that there has been more than a 50 percent increase since 1980 in the number of properties using data processing; and that, since that time, there has been a four-fold increase in the availability of such entertainment amenities as in-room movies. Significant recent advances have also occurred in security and energy management systems. The micro-processor chip has made inroads everywhere, and the lines between each of these separate technologies have become increasingly blurred as hotels move towards what are referred to in hotel circles as “multiple discipline” technologies. In the current overbuilt marketplace, nobody checks into a hotel expecting just a bed for the night. Guest expectations are high, as they come to expect services they are used to at home or in the office (e.g., in-room computer terminals); the stakes–and costs-for the operators are high, too: as the saying goes, there is nothing so perishable as an unsold room-night.

The Workroom

Computer room

Computer room

The in-room computer firms now beginning to make inroads in the lodging market may, like the system at Miami’s Riverparc, offer a large grab bag of services at a price, or, like a system now installed in 450 guest rooms at the Amfac Hotel & Resort at the Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport, offer some services (restaurant listings, emergency safety instruction) free, with the remainder of the services with a similar “sign-on” fee and per-minute (or hour) cost. The latter services may include word processing (not offered elsewhere); software for the system has been designed to be extremely “user-friendly: guests desiring information about local events, for example, touch any key on the touch-sensitive board to move on the next video “page” of the “menu.”

Video Room

Video Room

An in-room video system recently installed at the Doubletree In at Scottsdale Mall, Arizona, offers informational services–one per television channel–accessed via remote channel selector. These services include city information; interactive video games allowing guests to play with one another from room to room nand including the “joysticks” to manipulate them); video music on a “juke-box”-style channel; and an “express check-out” system, by which guests may call up their billing on the screen and approve payment through a major credit card–at no service charge.

Information Room

Information Room

Similar in-room information and entertainment systems are scheduled to be introduced in the “Quality Choice Suite” concept recently announced by Quality Inns. The suites (really large rooms with extra amenities like in-room oversize bathtubs) are to be incorporated in standardized 120-room hotels built using modular construction techniques, at a cost exclusive of land estimated at $24,500 per room, plus $4,000 for furniture, fixtures and equipment (FF&E)–comparing very favorably with luxury hotel construction tags of $100,000 per room and up.

Check-In/Check-Out Solutions

Check-In and Check-Out Systems

Other computerized check-in and check-out systems have been developed by a number of firms for lobby locations. The terminals are similar to an automated bank teller: when the arriving guest inserts his credit card, the system checks it against lost or stolen cards, asks if the name and address given are correct, requests the desired bed size, and assigns a room. The guest receives a reservation card, which he takes to another counter where a room key is ready. The system was installed last August at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Chicago; Hyatt has announced plans to install the system at other of its 70 U.S. and 41 foreign properties.

Still other systems now on the market combine the lobby “express check-out” function with the capability to generate hard-copy printouts for restaurant and local event information–even maps, if desired. Simpler lobby installations provide informational functions only, using a touch-sensitive television monitor screen (with no keyboard commands for the uninitiated to master).

The Safety Equipment

Safety Equipment

General levels of fire and life safety equipment in hotels are dictated by local codes and standards set by the parent hotel corporation. Many of these standards have been tightened in the wake of the loss of life sustained in a number of major hotels over the last two to three years. Smoke/fire detectors have quickly become ubiquitous in new construction and in order buildings via hardwire retrofits; often these are supplemented by mandatory sprinkler systems, both in guest rooms and public spaces (these can be recessed and covered for aesthetic reasons, but the consensus among architects and hoteliers is to purposely let them show, as a reassurance to guests). The Atlanta Ramada Renaissance, for example, is typical of the better-equipped new properties, incorporating as it does both sprinkler and smoke detector systems and sensors in some areas detecting rapid changes in room temperature (more dependable than smoke detectors in areas that than smoke detectors in areas that may be smoky anyway, such as bars), as well as pressurized stairwells to keep smoke out of escape routes. There is a two-way speaker on the wall of each guest room, allowing fire-fighters or other emergency cres to speak to guestroom occupants and get responses independently–a sort of belt and suspenders approach. Speakers are camouflaged with fabric screens to avoid giving guests the uneasy sensation that someone is listening in on them.

Warning systems in use in other hotels range from a phone system that can ring individual rooms or floors in case of emergency, avoiding the need for blaring general alarms, and giving management a fix on which rooms to check if a room known to be occupied gives no answer; “talking” exit signs that direct guests through what may be smoke-filled corridors (often supplemented by the simple placement of emergency signage at base-board level, where it may be seen by those at crawling height). Centralized systems are controlled from one or more “annunciator panels”; at Four Seasons Hotels these are supplemented by firefighters’ phone jacks in the elevator lobbies and stairwells for instant direct communication with the fire chief.

Further advances in hotel technology will see the progressive blurring of the separate telecommunications, security, fire and life safety, information, entertainment and energy management functions with that of a centralized computer control system at each hotel. Just as this system will take care of the guest after he arrives, the reservation system will take care of him before. What has happened, however, is that the reservation system has now come to be used for other functions as well. Holiday Inns uses its Holidex II reservations system for electronic funds transfer for the company-owned hotels; Holidex II terminals may also be used by hotel employees to train themselves at their own pace.


Service has always been a major factor in determining hotel quality, but service has now begun to take on advanced technological overtones, with new opportunities for guests and with new demands for the designers who must accommodate the equipment. We’ve come a long way from the tourist cabin.

Interior Design Ideas: Department of Design

Department of Design

Most of the structural work was concentrated on the fifteen floors of guest rooms, where each was given new wiring and bathroom fixtures. Many of the existing suites were broken up into single rooms or studios, the latter comprising bedroom, small living room and kitchenette at a lesser price than a traditional suite. As a result, the new American Stanhope has an increased room count of 276. The first floor retained its configuration with entry lobby, dining room, lounge and bar; the second floor was restructed to accommodate offices and four function rooms named, after the country’s railroads, the Atchison, Topeka, Santa Fe and Wichita. Also, one entire floor has been leased for ten years to a large corporation. It was planned to meet the firm’s specifications, yet it still adheres to the established motif.

corridor of guest room floorAs a result of Ms. Russell’s efforts, the American Stanhope has become a veritable museum of 19th-century American antiques and artworks, with paintings being primarily fine examples from the Hudson River School. Each guest room is furnished entirely with antiques; each guest room and floor corridor has its own color palette based on hues authentic to the period.

Service rooms, too, portray a different aspect of America. The dining room, with strictly American fare. is named the Saratoga, and intimates classic elegance of the Northeast through such elements as a pale yellow and blue palette, Empire furnishings, mirrored columns and jardinieres of potted palms. The Red Jacket bar, as contrast, was planned with the Southwest in mind. Sand colors and artworks of an American Indian motif establish the theme. The lounge, suitable for tea, cocktails or light dining, takes its decor theme from its name–“The Furnished Room,” as in the O’Henry tale. This space recalls a Victorian parlor that might be found anywhere in urban America. It is, Ms. Russell comments, particularly appearling to female executives who may be reticent to dine alone in a more formal setting or sit in a bar.

From where one might logically ask, did all this come? “I got to know a lot of dealers personally,” Ms. Russell responds, and names sources in North Carolina, Detroit, Massachusetts and New York as evidence of her far-reaching combing. Auctions were another prime source–not only the major New York events at Sotheby Parke Bernet, Christie’s East and the William Doyle Galleries, but also small country auctions. In assembling the painting collection, the designer worked in close collaboration with the Hirschl & Adler Gallery, purchasing many of the works and arranging for others to be on extended loan. It took almost two years to assemble the art, she reports, since even the gallery did not own the amount of work at the requested caliber.

Thus, says Ms. Russell, “the assumption that we [Americans] don’t have anything is not correct. The value of American 19th-century art and antiques has gone up increasingly; they are probably worth considerably more than English 19th-century antiques.” Analyzing the market over the past three years, she also notes a tripling in prices and increasing scarcity of furnishings from the era. “There’s a whole awakening of Americana,” she says. “Our Empire period is comparable to the French Second Empire, but ours is more diverse with the different woods used and the influences from other countries.”

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Interior Design Ideas for Your Modern Home